Cold Weather Operation

Cold Weather Operation – Course Description

During this course you will learn about the effects of cold weather and the risks involved during ground operation. The training also includes the reporting procedures and typical aircraft limitations. Also included are the procedures for de-/anti-icing.

Audience: This course is intended for pilots, dispatchers and maintenance persons.
Duration: 4 hours

Module 1 – Cold Weather Basics:

● The effects of cold air and the hazards as a consequence of cold weather
● optical illusions
● accident statistics
● temperature correction factors
● flight ops effects
● accident case studies
● effects of saturation on weather radar
● critical airport conditions
● flight ops practices
● obscured visual aids
● special NOTAMs concerning surface,
● general impact of cold weather
● arctic rescue basics
● references for legal basics

Module 2 – The SNOWTAM:

● Legal background
● Decoding a MOTNE
● interpreting a SNOWTAM
● effects of contaminated surfaces on aircraft performance,
● characteristic of limited snow cleaning
● snow banks
● systematic of friction measuring
● friction measuring vehicles used
● equipment used for snow cleaning
● snow cleaning procedures
● treatment of ice on movement areas
● de-icing liquids used
● runway sensors
● hazard and prevention of ice patches

Module 3 – Aircraft Operation and Limitations:

● Sources of informations,
● manuals involved,
● cold weather effects on aircraft systems,
● commanders responsibilities,
● generic AFM-limitations,
● ground procedures to cope with cold weather,

Module 4 – De-ice / Anti-ice :

● Legal requirements
● de-icing related accidents
● case studies and lessons to be learned
● effect of contamination on airfoil
● definitions
● clean aircraft concept
● fluids used
● health and safety datas for de-icing fluids
● de-ice- / anti-ice-procedures
● one-step and two-step procedure
● generic model on how to de-ice/anti-ice an aircraft
● documentation of de-icing-process
● hold over time
● variables that can influence holdover time
● residues of high viscous fluids
● Quality Management
● new de-icing technologies

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